Types of Hydroponic systems

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There are countless methods and variations of hydroponic gardening. This guide will introduce different types of systems.

Wicks System

Wicks system hydroponics

This is most known as the simplistic hydroponic system. The Wick system is described as a passive system, by which we mean there are no moving parts. This system can use a variety of mediums, perlite, soil or coco.

Water Culture

water culture system floating hydroponic system

This system is an active system with moving parts. As active hydroponic systems go, water culture is the simplest. The roots of the plant are totally immersed in the water.  An air pump with help oxygenate the water and allow the roots to breathe. TOP TIP: Very few plants work well in this type of system. TOP TIP: Lettuce would be a good choice if using this system.

Ebb and Flow System (Flood and Drain)

flood and drain

This hydroponic system works by temporarily flooding the grow tray. The nutrient solution from a reservoir surrounds the roots before draining back. This action is usually automated with a water pump on a timer.

Drip System (Recovery or non-recovery)

Drip system hydroponic growing

Dip systems are a widely used hydroponic method. A timer will control a water pump, which pumps water and the Growth Technology nutrient solutions through a network of elevated water jets. If using a recovery system, be sure to check the pH level of the reservoir regularly.

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